Mapping mycological ignorance – checklists and diversity patterns of fungi known for West Africa

Mapping mycological ignorance - checklists and diversity patterns of fungi known for West Africa

Scientific details about biodiversity distribution is indispensable for nature conservation and sustainable administration of pure assets. For a number of teams of animals and crops, such knowledge can be found, however for fungi, particularly in tropical areas like West Africa, they’re principally lacking. Here, info for West African nations about species diversity of fungi and fungus-like organisms (different organisms historically studied by mycologists) is compiled from literature and analysed in its historic context for the primary time. More than 16,000 data of fungi representing 4843 species and infraspecific taxa have been present in 860 publications regarding West Africa.

Records from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) database (2395 species), and that of the previous International Mycological Institute fungal reference assortment (IMI) (2526 species) have been additionally thought-about. The compilation based mostly on literature is extra complete than the GBIF and IMI knowledge, though they embrace 914 and 679 species names, respectively, which aren’t current within the guidelines based mostly on literature. According to knowledge out there in literature, data on fungal richness ranges from 19 species (Guinea Bissau) to 1595 (Sierra Leone).

In estimating present species diversity, richness estimators and the Hawksworth 6:1 fungus to plant species ratio have been used. Based on the Hawksworth ratio, known fungal diversity in West Africa represents 11.4% of the anticipated diversity. For six West African nations, nevertheless, known fungal species diversity is lower than 2%. Incomplete data of fungal diversity can also be evident by species accumulation curves not reaching saturation, by 45.3% of the fungal species within the guidelines being cited solely as soon as for West Africa, and by 66.5% of the fungal species within the guidelines reported solely for a single nation.

The documentation of completely different systematic teams of fungi could be very heterogeneous as a result of traditionally investigations have been sporadic. Recent opportunistic sampling actions in Benin confirmed that it’s not troublesome to seek out specimens representing new nation data. Investigation of fungi in West Africa began simply over two centuries in the past and it’s nonetheless in an early pioneer part. To promote correct exploration, the current guidelines is offered as a device to facilitate fungal identification on this area and to help conceptualisation and justification of future analysis tasks. Documentation of fungal diversity is urgently wanted as a result of pure habitats are being misplaced on a big scale by altered land use and local weather change.

Mass Spectrometry: A Rosetta Stone to Learn How Fungi Interact and Talk

Fungi are a extremely various group of heterotrophic organisms that play an vital function in various ecological interactions, many of that are chemically mediated. Fungi have a really versatile metabolism, which permits them to synthesize a big quantity of nonetheless little-known chemical compounds, comparable to soluble compounds which might be secreted into the medium and unstable compounds which might be chemical mediators over brief and lengthy distances. Mass spectrometry (MS) is at the moment taking part in a dominant function in mycological research, primarily as a consequence of its inherent sensitivity and fast identification capabilities of completely different metabolites.

Furthermore, MS has additionally been used as a dependable and correct device for fungi identification (i.e., biotyping). Here, we introduce the readers about fungal specialised metabolites, their function in ecological interactions and present an outline on the MS-based mostly strategies utilized in fungal research. We significantly current the significance of sampling strategies, methods to scale back false-optimistic identification and new MS-based mostly analytical methods that can be utilized in mycological research, additional increasing the use of MS in broader functions.

Therefore, we foresee a vibrant future for mass spectrometry-based mostly analysis within the discipline of mycology. The first assembly of the CIFAR Fungal Kingdom: Threats & Opportunities analysis program noticed the congregation of consultants on fungal biology to handle essentially the most urgent threats fungi pose to world well being, agriculture, and biodiversity. This report covers the analysis mentioned in the course of the assembly and the developments made towards mitigating the devastating affect of fungi on crops, animals, and people.

Mapping mycological ignorance - checklists and diversity patterns of fungi known for West Africa

Anti-Candida Activity of Curcumin: A Review

Curcumin is one of the vital pure compounds that’s extracted from turmeric. This compound and its derivatives have quite a few organic properties, together with antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and therapeutic results. Extensive analysis in numerous fields has been carried out on turmeric as it’s broadly used as a meals additive. The important antifungal exercise is one of the main results of curcumin. In this paper, latest research on the consequences of completely different varieties of curcumin drug on the candidiasis have been systematically examined and mentioned.

The knowledge on this research have been extracted from the articles and reviews revealed within the Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus databases. After the preliminary investigation, related reviews have been chosen and labeled based mostly on the included formulation and function of the research. After a scientific dialogue of the info, it was discovered that the use of medicinal varieties based mostly on nanoparticles can improve the absorption and goal the managed launch of curcumin with a simpler function in comparison with different formulations.

JNK Assay Kit

55R-1407 40 assays
EUR 868
Description: Assay Kit for detection of JNK in the research laboratory

JNK Assay Kit

55R-1408 40 assays
EUR 979
Description: Assay Kit for detection of JNK in the research laboratory

KinaseSTAR JNK Activity Screening Kit

K2078-40 40 assays
EUR 641

JNK Activity Screening Kit, KinaseSTAR

K430-40
EUR 593

Protease Activity Assay Kit

AR4011-unit unit
EUR 340

MAT Activity Assay Kit

abx098901-96tests 96 tests
EUR 1193

Trypsin Activity Assay Kit

3043 1 kit
EUR 483.55
Description: Trypsin Activity Assay Kit

Urease Activity Assay Kit

55R-2261 100 assays
EUR 689
Description: Assay kit to measure Urease activity

Mitochondria Activity Assay Kit

KC310100 1 kit
EUR 398
Description: Premade ready to use kits will always come in handy. Get your experiment done right form the first try by using a validated kit with perfectly balanced reagents proportions and compatibility and by following a clear protocol.

GAPDH Activity Assay Kit

K680-100
EUR 256

MAT Activity Assay

IK00401 96 tests
EUR 844
Description: Methionine Adenosyltransferase (MAT) activity assay kit

DAG Kinase Activity Assay Kit

MET-5036 50 assays
EUR 450

Hexokinase (HK) Activity Assay Kit

MET-5087 100 assays
EUR 508

Beta Hexosaminidase Activity Assay Kit

MET-5095 100 assays
EUR 508

OxiSelect ORAC Activity Assay Kit

STA-345 192 assays
EUR 577
Description: The ORAC assay is a powerful tool to measure the antioxidant capacity of biomolecules. Our OxiSelect ORAC Activity Assay measures this capacity in less than 2 hours from a wide variety of sample types.

OxiSelect ORAC Activity Assay Kit

STA-345-5 5 x 192 assays
EUR 2277
Description: The ORAC assay is a powerful tool to measure the antioxidant capacity of biomolecules. Our OxiSelect ORAC Activity Assay measures this capacity in less than 2 hours from a wide variety of sample types.

OxiSelect HORAC Activity Assay Kit

STA-346 192 assays
EUR 577
Description: The HORAC assay is a powerful tool to measure the antioxidant capacity of biomolecules. Our OxiSelect HORAC Activity Assay measures the degradation of free hydroxyl radicals in less than 2 hours from a wide variety of sample types.

OxiSelect HORAC Activity Assay Kit

STA-346-5 5 x 192 assays
EUR 2277
Description: The HORAC assay is a powerful tool to measure the antioxidant capacity of biomolecules. Our OxiSelect HORAC Activity Assay measures the degradation of free hydroxyl radicals in less than 2 hours from a wide variety of sample types.

Caspase-1 Activity Assay Kit

AR4003-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 514

Caspase-1 Activity Assay Kit

AR4003-25Assays 25 Assays
EUR 236

Caspase-1 Activity Assay Kit

AR4003-50Assays 50 Assays
EUR 340

Caspase-2 Activity Assay Kit

AR4004-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 514

Caspase-2 Activity Assay Kit

AR4004-25Assays 25 Assays
EUR 236

Caspase-2 Activity Assay Kit

AR4004-50Assays 50 Assays
EUR 340

Calpain Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2062-100 100 assays
EUR 627

KinaseSTAR Akt Activity Assay Kit

K2080-40 40 assays
EUR 738

PLTP Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2087-100 100 assays
EUR 669

CETP Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2089-100 100 assays
EUR 725

Proteasome Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2096-100 100 assays
EUR 502

GST Fluorometric Activity Assay Kit

K2105-100 100 assays
EUR 502

GST Colorimetric Activity Assay Kit

K2108-100 100 assays
EUR 529

Trypsin Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2176-100 100 assays
EUR 447

DPP4 Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2178-100 100 assays
EUR 557

Amylase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2225-100 100 assays
EUR 390

Aconitase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2226-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Lipase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2227-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Neuraminidase Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2230-100 100 assays
EUR 599

GST Colorimetric Activity Assay Kit

55R-1353 100 assays
EUR 706
Description: Assay Kit for detection of GST activity in the research laboratory

Beta Secretase Activity Assay Kit

55R-1383 100 assays
EUR 835
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Beta Secretase Activity in the research laboratory

Alkaline Phosphatase Activity Assay Kit

55R-1402 500 assays
EUR 740
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Alkaline Phosphatase in the research laboratory

Acid Phosphatase Activity Assay Kit

55R-1405 500 assays
EUR 438
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Acid Phosphatase in the research laboratory

Alkaline Phosphatase Activity Assay Kit

55R-1406 500 assays
EUR 438
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Alkaline Phosphatase in the research laboratory

Acid Phosphatase Activity Assay Kit

55R-1866 500 assays
EUR 484
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Acid Phosphatase in the research laboratory

ACE1 Colorimetric Activity Assay Kit

K2001-100
EUR 555

Glucosylceramidase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K2003-100
EUR 588

Transketolase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K2004-100
EUR 620

Streptokinase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K2008-100
EUR 512

Carboxylesterase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K2014-100
EUR 620

Laccase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K2038-100 100 assays
EUR 500

CD38 Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K2042-100 100 assays
EUR 581

Sialyltransferase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K2048-100 100 assays
EUR 601

Lysozyme Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K236-100
EUR 490

Calpain Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K240-100
EUR 588

Proteasome Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K245-100
EUR 479

GST Fluorometric Activity Assay Kit

K260-100
EUR 468

GST Colorimetric Activity Assay Kit

K263-100
EUR 490

Sirtuin Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K324-100
EUR 572

HDAC Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K330-100
EUR 490

HDAC Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K331-100
EUR 490

HAT Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K332-100
EUR 539

HAT Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K334-100
EUR 539

HDAC3 Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K343-100
EUR 479

HDAC8 Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K348-100
EUR 490

Chymotrypsin Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K352-100
EUR 490

Thrombin Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K373-100
EUR 697

Urease Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K378-100
EUR 501

Plasmin Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K381-100
EUR 457

ATPase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K417-100
EUR 430

Akt Activity Assay Kit, KinaseSTAR

K435-40
EUR 680

Lysosomal Intracellular Activity Assay Kit

K448-50
EUR 544

HDAC6 Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K466-100
EUR 631

Deubiquitinase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K485-100
EUR 533

Neprilysin Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K487-100
EUR 610

Chitotriosidase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K512-100
EUR 620

?-Glucuronidase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K514-100
EUR 620

Methyltransferase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K521-100
EUR 566

Transglutaminase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K571-100
EUR 718

Sphingomyelinase Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K574-100
EUR 457

Fumarase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K596-100
EUR 653

Sphingomyelinase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K599-100
EUR 446

Aldolase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K665-100
EUR 664

Ceruloplasmin Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K669-100
EUR 550

Invertase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K674-100
EUR 490

Sulfatase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K675-100
EUR 653

?-Glucosidase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K690-100
EUR 550

Amylase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K711-100
EUR 408

Aconitase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K716-100
EUR 501

Lipase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K722-100
EUR 512

Urokinase Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K728-100
EUR 544

Neuraminidase Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K732-100
EUR 523

Uricase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K734-100
EUR 512

Tyrosinase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K742-100
EUR 582

Arginase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K755-100
EUR 539

Acetylcholinesterase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K764-100
EUR 550

Trypsin Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K771-100
EUR 452

DPP4 Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K779-100
EUR 544

Protease Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K781-100
EUR 387

Collagenase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K792-100
EUR 408

Renin Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K800-100
EUR 523

Plasmin Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K945-100
EUR 446

Cholinesterase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K975-100
EUR 642

Lipoxygenase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K978-100
EUR 653

?-Xylosidase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K981-100
EUR 588

Methyltransferase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K986-100
EUR 648

MAT Activity Assay 3

IK00403 48 tests
EUR 503
Description: Methionine Adenosyltransferase (MAT) activity assay kit

EpiQuik HAT Activity/Inhibition Assay Kit

P-4003 96 Assays
EUR 643.05
Description: kits suitable for this type of research

OxiSelect Catalase Activity Assay Kit, Fluorometric

STA-339 500 assays
EUR 757
Description: Catalase is a ubiquitous enzyme that destroys hydrogen peroxides formed during oxidative stress. Our OxiSelect Catalase Activity Assay Kit measures catalase activity in less than one hour from a variety of samples including blood, cells and tissues. Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 500 assays in a 96-well microtiter plate. This includes blanks, catalase standards and unknown samples. The OxiSelect Catalase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric) provides a 40-fold increase in sensitivity compared to our colorimetric assay.

OxiSelect Superoxide Dismutase Activity Assay Kit

STA-340 100 assays
EUR 635
Description: Superoxide dismutase (SOD), which catalyzes the dismutation of the superoxide anion into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen, is one of the most important antioxidant enzymes. SOD enzymes are classified into three groups: cytosolic CuZn-SOD, mitochondrial Mn-SOD, and extracellular Ec-SOD. Our OxiSelect Superoxide Dismutase Activity Assay uses a xanthine/xanthine oxidase (XOD) system to generate superoxide anions and a chromagen to produce a water-soluble formazan dye upon reduction by superoxide anions. The superoxide dismutase activity is determined as the inhibition or reduction of chromagen.

OxiSelect Catalase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

STA-341 96 assays
EUR 676
Description: Catalase is a ubiquitous enzyme that destroys hydrogen peroxides formed during oxidative stress. Our OxiSelect Catalase Activity Assay Kits measure catalase activity in less than one hour from a variety of samples including blood, cells and tissues. Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 100 assays in a 96-well microtiter plate, or 50 assays in microcentrifuge tubes. This includes blanks, catalase standards and unknown samples. Direct spectrophotometric detection of catalase activity with ultraviolet light can cause interference from proteins and other biological components. The OxiSelect Catalase Activity Assay Kit (Colorimetric) utilizes visible light (520 nm), which reduces sample interference. The OxiSelect Catalase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric) provides a 40-fold increase in sensitivity compared to our colorimetric assay.

96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit

STA-416 96 assays
EUR 856
Description: Rho-associated Kinase (ROCK) mediates Rho signaling and reorganizes the actin cytoskeleton by phosphorylation of several substrates that contribute to the assembly of actin filaments and contractility. ROCK inactivates myosin phosphatase through the specific phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) at Thr-696, which results in an increase in the phosphorylated content of the 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC20). Our 96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit uses a safe, non-radioactive format to measure the level of active Rho Kinase in cell or tissue lysates. The kit contains a strip-well plate pre-coated with recombinant MYPT1.

96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit

STA-416-5 5 x 96 assays
EUR 3524
Description: Rho-associated Kinase (ROCK) mediates Rho signaling and reorganizes the actin cytoskeleton by phosphorylation of several substrates that contribute to the assembly of actin filaments and contractility. ROCK inactivates myosin phosphatase through the specific phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) at Thr-696, which results in an increase in the phosphorylated content of the 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC20). Our 96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit uses a safe, non-radioactive format to measure the level of active Rho Kinase in cell or tissue lysates. The kit contains a strip-well plate pre-coated with recombinant MYPT1.

Acetylcholinesterase Activity Assay Kit - 100 Assays

AR4001-unit unit
EUR 317

Cytochrome Oxidase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2020-100 100 assays
EUR 557

Citrate Synthase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2029-100 100 assays
EUR 557

Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) Activity Assay Kit

K2035-100 100 assays
EUR 432

Alkaline Phosphatase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2075-500 500 assays
EUR 544

Alkaline Phosphatase Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2077-500 500 assays
EUR 363

Lipase Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit III

K2095-100 100 assays
EUR 586

Cathepsin B Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2151-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Cathepsin K Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2152-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Cathepsin L Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2153-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Cathepsin D Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2154-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Cathepsin S Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2155-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) Colorimetric Activity Assay Kit

K2168-100 100 assays
EUR 586

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) Fluorometric Activity Assay Kit

K2169-100 100 assays
EUR 572

Glutathione Reductase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2173-200 200 assays
EUR 516

Glutathione Peroxidase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2174-100 100 assays
EUR 516

Thioredoxin Reductase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2175-100 100 assays
EUR 502

Catalase Activity Colorimetric/Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2177-100 100 assays
EUR 418

Beta-Lactamase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2183-100 100 assays
EUR 877

Malate Dehydrogenase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2206-100 100 assays
EUR 599

Succinate Dehydrogenase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2210-100 100 assays
EUR 738

Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Activity Assay Kit

K2228-500 500 assays
EUR 529

Glutamate Dehydrogenase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2229-100 100 assays
EUR 502

Genorise® Tryptase Activity Assay Kit

GR107043 500 tests
EUR 258

Cathepsin B Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K140-100
EUR 512

Cathepsin K Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K141-100
EUR 512

Cathepsin L Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K142-100
EUR 512

Cathepsin D Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K143-100
EUR 512

Cathepsin S Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K144-100
EUR 512

Cathepsin H Activity Fluorometric Assay Kit

K145-100
EUR 479

Cathepsin G Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K146-100
EUR 582

Cathepsin E Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

K165-100
EUR 637

Consequently, it may be concluded that new strategies of trendy drugs may be employed to extend the efficacy of pure pharmaceutical compounds used prior to now. In this regard, the current research analyzed the impact of curcumin towards numerous Candida infections utilizing the latest knowledge. It was discovered that making use of a mixture of drug formulation or the formulation of curcumin and its derivatives may be an efficient technique to beat the medication resistance in fungal infections, particularly candidiasis.

 

Epichloë Fungal Endophytes-From a Biological Curiosity in Wild Grasses to an Essential Component of Resilient High Performing Ryegrass and Fescue Pastures

Epichloë Fungal Endophytes-From a Biological Curiosity in Wild Grasses to an Essential Component of Resilient High Performing Ryegrass and Fescue Pastures

The relationship between Epichloë endophytes discovered in a big selection of temperate grasses spans the continuum from antagonistic to mutualistic. The variety of asexual mutualistic varieties might be characterised by the categories of alkaloids they produce in planta. Some of these are accountable for detrimental well being and welfare points of ruminants when consumed, whereas others defend the host plant from insect pests and pathogens. In many temperate areas they’re an important part of excessive producing resilient tall fescue and ryegrass swards.

This obligate mutualism between fungus and host is a seed-borne know-how that has resulted in a number of industrial merchandise getting used with excessive uptake charges by end-user farmers, notably in New Zealand and to a lesser extent Australia and USA. However, this has not occurred by likelihood. It has been reliant on multi-disciplinary analysis groups enterprise glorious science to perceive the taxonomic relationships of these endophytes, their life cycle, symbiosis regulation at each the mobile and molecular degree, and the impression of secondary metabolites, together with an understanding of their mammalian toxicity and bioactivity in opposition to bugs and pathogens.

Additionally, agronomic trials and seed biology research of these microbes have all contributed to the supply of strong and efficacious merchandise. The provide chain from science, via seed corporations and retailers to the end-user farmer wants to be properly resourced offering convincing data on the efficacy and guaranteeing efficient high quality management to end result in a sturdy uptake of these Epichloë endophyte applied sciences in pastoral agriculture. When in contrast to the Sabouraud medium on 120 medical samples, the FastFung medium displayed each a larger fungal colonies rely, and a decrease tradition contamination price.

We developed a novel tradition medium, referred to FastFung medium as appropriate for the tradition of medical fungi, together with fastidious ones, for each analysis and diagnostic research. It relies on Schædler agar supplemented with many important parts for the expansion of fastidious fungi. It additionally accommodates selective antibacterial brokers for the inhibition of contaminant micro organism progress. In this preliminary examine, the FastFung medium was in contrast to the gold commonplace Sabouraud medium for 98 fungal and 20 bacterial strains. Storage at 4 °C for Four weeks didn’t alter the FastFung tradition medium performances for the six isolates of Candida, Cryptococcus, and Penicillium examined.

Phylogenomic evaluation of a 55.1 kb 19-gene dataset resolves a monophyletic Fusarium that features the Fusarium solani Species Complex

Scientific communication is facilitated by a data-driven, scientifically sound taxonomy that considers the end-user’s wants and established profitable observe. Previously (Geiser et al. 2013; Phytopathology 103:400-408. 2013), the Fusarium neighborhood voiced close to unanimous help for a idea of Fusarium that represented a clade comprising all agriculturally and clinically essential Fusarium species, together with the F. solani Species Complex (FSSC). Subsequently, this idea was challenged by one analysis group (Lombard et al. 2015 Studies in Mycology 80: 189-245) who proposed dividing Fusarium into seven genera, together with the FSSC because the genus Neocosmospora, with subsequent justification based mostly on claims that the Geiser et al.

(2013) idea of Fusarium is polyphyletic (Sandoval-Denis et al. 2018; Persoonia 41:109-129). Here we check this declare, and present a phylogeny based mostly on exonic nucleotide sequences of 19 orthologous protein-coding genes that strongly help the monophyly of Fusarium together with the FSSC. We reassert the sensible and scientific argument in help of a Fusarium that features the FSSC and a number of different basal lineages, in line with the longstanding use of this identify amongst plant pathologists, medical mycologists, quarantine officers, regulatory businesses, college students and analysisers with a stake in its taxonomy.

In recognition of this monophyly, 40 species just lately described as Neocosmospora had been recombined in Fusarium, and 9 others had been renamed Fusarium. Here the worldwide Fusarium neighborhood voices sturdy help for the inclusion of the FSSC in Fusarium, because it stays the most effective scientific, nomenclatural and sensible taxonomic possibility obtainable. The fungal pressure constructive tradition price was 100% vs. 95% and the bacterial pressure inhibition was 100% vs. 20%, for the FastFung and Sabouraud media, respectively.

Epichloë Fungal Endophytes-From a Biological Curiosity in Wild Grasses to an Essential Component of Resilient High Performing Ryegrass and Fescue Pastures

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Fungal Infections: One-Year Experiences of a Center of Expertise in Mycology

Invasive fungal ailments (IFDs) usually characterize difficult infections in advanced affected person populations. The Center of Expertise in Mycology Radboudumc/CWZ (EMRC) organizes a biweekly multidisciplinary mycology assembly to talk about sufferers with extreme fungal infections and to present complete recommendation concerning analysis and remedy. Here, we describe the affected person inhabitants mentioned at these conferences throughout a one-year interval with regards to their previous medical historical past, analysis, microbiological and different diagnostic check outcomes and antifungal remedy.

Lactate Colorimetric Assay Kit II

K2131-100 100 assays
EUR 614

Lactate Colorimetric/Fluorometric Assay Kit

K607-100
EUR 610

Lactate Colorimetric Assay Kit II

K627-100
EUR 610

Amplite™ Colorimetric D-Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Assay Kit

13809 200 Tests
EUR 306

Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K726-500
EUR 550

EnzyFluo D-Lactate Assay Kit

EFDLC-100 100
EUR 426
Description: Quantitative determination of D-lactate (lactic acid) by fluorimetric (530/585 nm) method. Procedure: 60 min. Kit size: 100 tests. Detection limit: 1 µM . Shelf life: 6 months. Shipping: on ice; storage: -20°C.

EnzyChrom D-Lactate Assay Kit

EDLC-100 100
EUR 426
Description: Quantitative determination of D-lactic acid by colorimetric (565nm) method. Procedure: 20 min. Kit size: 100 tests. Detection limit: 0.05 mM. Shelf life: 6 months. Shipping: on ice; storage: -20°C.

Amplite™ Colorimetric L-Lactate Assay Kit

13815 200 Tests
EUR 306

EZScreen? Lactate Colorimetric Assay Kit (384 Well)

K951-384
EUR 555

D-Sorbitol Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2135-100 100 assays
EUR 599

D-Sorbitol Colorimetric Assay Kit

55R-1473 100 assays
EUR 809
Description: Assay Kit for detection of D-Sorbitol in the research laboratory

D-Sorbitol Colorimetric Assay Kit

K631-100
EUR 582

D-Mannitol Colorimetric Assay Kit

K644-100
EUR 582

PicoProbe? D-Lactate Fluorometric Assay Kit

K668-100
EUR 539

Lactate Assay Kit

55R-1450 100 assays
EUR 844
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Lactate in the research laboratory

Lactate Assay Kit

55R-1469 100 assays
EUR 844
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Lactate in the research laboratory

Amplite™ Fluorimetric D-Lactate Assay Kit

13810 200 Tests
EUR 306

D-Gluconate (D-Gluconic Acid) Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K683-100
EUR 610

Amplite™ Colorimetric L-Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Assay Kit

13813 200 Tests
EUR 306

EZScreen? Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit (384-well)

K953-400
EUR 555

D-2-Hydroxyglutarate (D2HG) Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K213-100
EUR 675

Phospholipase D (PLD) Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K725-100
EUR 457

Lactate Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

MET-5013 100 assays
EUR 450
Description: Our Lactate Assay Kit measures L-lactate in biological samples. Lactate is first oxidized by lactate oxidase, yielding pyruvate and hydrogen peroxide. The hydrogen peroxide released from this reaction is specifically detected by either a colorimetric or fluorometric probe in a 1:1 ratio. Lactate levels in unknown samples are determined based on a lactate standard curve.

Lactate Dehydrogenase Assay Kit

abx096006-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 347

Lactate Dehydrogenase Assay Kit

abx098441-Hitachi7170R132ml4R28ml4 Hitachi 7170; R1: 32ml×4 R2: 8ml×4
EUR 222

Lactate Dehydrogenase Assay Kit

abx098441-UniversalR160ml2R215ml2 Universal; R1: 60ml×2 R2: 15ml×2
EUR 222

Lactate Dehydrogenase Assay Kit

abx098441-UniversalR160ml2R230ml1 Universal; R1: 60ml×2 R2: 30ml×1
EUR 222

Lactate Fluorometric Assay Kit

K2140-100 100 assays
EUR 641

EnzyChrom Lactate Assay Kit

ECLC-100 100
EUR 426
Description: Quantitative determination of L-lactic acid by colorimetric (565nm) method. Procedure: 20 min. Kit size: 100 tests. Detection limit: 0.05 mM. Shelf life: 6 months. Shipping: on ice; storage: -20°C.

Lactate Dehydrogenase Assay Kit

55R-1509 500 assays
EUR 758
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Lactate Dehydrogenase in the research laboratory

Amplite™ Fluorimetric D-Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Assay Kit

13808 200 Tests
EUR 306

RealQuant Lactate Dehydroganase Assay Kit

L0100-010 100 Assays
EUR 583

EnzyFluo L-Lactate Assay Kit

EFLLC-100 100
EUR 426
Description: Quantitative determination of L-lactate (lactic acid) by fluorimetric (530/585 nm) method. Procedure: 60 min. Kit size: 100 tests. Detection limit: 1 µM . Shelf life: 6 months. Shipping: on ice; storage: -20°C.

PicoProbe? Lactate Fluorometric Assay Kit

K638-100
EUR 620

D-Lactate ELISA Kit| General D-Lactate ELISA Kit

EF019607 96 Tests
EUR 689

Glycogen Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

MET-5022 100 assays
EUR 479
Description: Our Glycogen Assay Kit (Fluorometric) measures glycogen in serum, plasma, urine, lysates, and cell culture supernatants. First, glycogen is broken down into glucose monomers by amyloglucosidase. Glucose is then oxidized by glucose oxidase, producing D-gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide. The hydrogen peroxide reacts specifically with the kit?s Fluorometric Probe and is detected at ex. 530-570 nm/em. 590-600 nm. Glycogen levels in unknown samples are determined based on the provided glycogen standard curve.

Starch Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

MET-5025 100 assays
EUR 479
Description: Our Starch Assay Kit (Colorimetric) measures starch in food samples. First, starch is broken down into glucose monomers by amyloglucosidase. Glucose is then oxidized by glucose oxidase, producing D-gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide. The hydrogen peroxide reacts specifically with the kit?s Colorimetric Probe and is detected with a spectrophotometric plate reader at 540-570nm. Starch levels in unknown samples are determined based on the provided starch standard curve.

Choline Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

MET-5043 96 assays
EUR 473
Description: Cell Biolabs? Choline Assay Kits are simple assays that measure the amount of choline present in a variety of sample types in a convenient 96-well microtiter plate format.  Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 96 assays, including blanks, acetylcholine standards and samples.  Sample choline concentrations are determined by comparison with a known choline standard and measured on a colorimetric plate reader.

Glutamate Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

MET-5080 200 assays
EUR 490

Acetylcholine Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

STA-603 96 assays
EUR 473
Description: Cell Biolabs? Acetylcholine Assay Kits are a simple fluorometric or colorimetric assay that measures the amount of acetylcholine present in plasma or serum, tissue homogenates, or cell suspensionsin a 96-well microtiter plate format.  Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 96 assays, including blanks, acetylcholine standards and samples.  Sample acetylcholine concentrations are determined by comparison with a known acetylcholine standard.

Alcohol Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

STA-620 100 assays
EUR 519
Description: Cell Biolabs? Alcohol Assay Kits measure primary alcohols by an enzymatic, oxidation reaction, producing hydrogen peroxide which reacts with the kit?s probe. These assay kits come in either colorimetric or fluorometric. The colorimetric assay has a detection sensitivity limit of ~30 µM (0.0001 % w/v) and the fluorometric has a detection sensitivity limit of ~15 µM (0.00007 % w/v). They can detect various primary alcohols and are not ethanol specific.

Glucose Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

STA-680 500 assays
EUR 537
Description: The Glucose Assay Kit (Colorimetric) measures total glucose present in food or biological samples. Glucose Oxidase first oxidizes glucose, generating hydrogen peroxide that is detected by a colorimetric probe.

Calcium Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2067-250 250 assays
EUR 432

Magnesium Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2068-100 100 assays
EUR 502

Iron Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2069-100 100 assays
EUR 544

Phosphate Colorimetric Assay Kit

k2074-500 500 assays
EUR 293

Hydroxyproline Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2083-100 100 assays
EUR 599

Glutamine Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2084-100 100 assays
EUR 641

Glutathione Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2106-100 100 assays
EUR 529

Glutamate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2133-100 100 assays
EUR 544

Malate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2139-100 100 assays
EUR 502

Hexokinase Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2179-100 100 assays
EUR 627

Acetoacetate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2204-100 100 assays
EUR 795

Acetate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2209-100 100 assays
EUR 529

Heme Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2215-100 100 assays
EUR 502

Glutathione Colorimetric Assay Kit

55R-1351 100 assays
EUR 706
Description: Assay Kit for detection of Glutathione activity in the research laboratory

Iodide Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2037-100 100assays
EUR 510

Hydroxyurea Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2046-100 100 assays
EUR 581

Hemoglobin Colorimetric Assay Kit

K219-200
EUR 381

AMP Colorimetric Assay Kit

K229-100
EUR 577

Glutathione Colorimetric Assay Kit

K261-100
EUR 512

Ammonia Colorimetric Assay Kit

K370-100
EUR 539

Urea Colorimetric Assay Kit

K375-100
EUR 539

Calcium Colorimetric Assay Kit

K380-250
EUR 430

Magnesium Colorimetric Assay Kit

K385-100
EUR 479

Zinc Colorimetric Assay Kit

K387-100
EUR 490

Iron Colorimetric Assay Kit

K390-100
EUR 550

Sodium Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K391-100
EUR 773

Phosphate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K410-500
EUR 316

Fructose Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K439-100
EUR 501

Fructosamine Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K450-100
EUR 620

Phenylalanine Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K481-100
EUR 468

Salicylate Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K494-100
EUR 544

Methylglyoxal Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K500-100
EUR 528

Cobalt Colorimetric Assay Kit

K505-100
EUR 457

Histamine Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K506-100
EUR 501

Nickel Colorimetric Assay Kit

K510-100
EUR 457

Chloride Colorimetric Assay Kit

K530-100
EUR 359

Lithium Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K545-100
EUR 620

Hydroxyproline Colorimetric Assay Kit

K555-100
EUR 599

Glutamine Colorimetric Assay Kit

K556-100
EUR 588

Tyrosine Colorimetric Assay Kit

K573-100
EUR 550

Glutamate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K629-100
EUR 539

Fumarate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K633-100
EUR 512

Malate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K637-100
EUR 490

Acetoacetate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K650-100
EUR 773

Formate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K653-100
EUR 582

Isocitrate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K656-100
EUR 474

Acetate Colorimetric Assay Kit

K658-100
EUR 512

Heme Colorimetric Assay Kit

K672-100
EUR 490

Asparagine Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K736-100
EUR 610

Phosphoglucomutase Colorimetric Assay Kit

K774-100
EUR 615

Hexokinase Colorimetric Assay Kit

K789-100
EUR 599

Methanol Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K898-100
EUR 664

Taurine Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

K988-100
EUR 648

Chitosan Colorimetric Assay Kit

K995-100
EUR 566

Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Activity Assay Kit

K2228-500 500 assays
EUR 529

PicoProbe? Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity Assay Kit

K730-500
EUR 582

Total Thiol Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

MET-5053 192 assays
EUR 409

EpiQuik HDAC1 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4005 96 Assays
EUR 860.55
Description: reagents widely cited

EpiQuik HDAC2 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4006 96 Assays
EUR 860.55
Description: Ask the seller for details

EpiQuik HDAC8 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4007 96 Assays
EUR 860.55
Description: The best epigenetics products

EpiQuik HDAC3 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4040 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: kits suitable for this type of research

EpiQuik HDAC4 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4042 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: fast delivery possible

EpiQuik HDAC5 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4044 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: reagents widely cited

EpiQuik HDAC6 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4046 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: Ask the seller for details

EpiQuik HDAC7 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4048 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: The best epigenetics products

EpiQuik HDAC9 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4050 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: kits suitable for this type of research

EpiQuik HDAC10 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4052 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: fast delivery possible

EpiQuik HDAC11 Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

P-4054 96 Assays
EUR 889.55
Description: reagents widely cited

Total Cholesterol Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

STA-384 192 assays
EUR 508
Description: Cell Biolabs? Total Cholesterol Assay Kits measure the total cholesterol within serum, plasma, cell lysate, or tissue samples. The assays will detect total cholesterol (cholesteryl esters plus free cholesterol) in the presence of cholesterol esterase or only free cholesterol in the absence of the esterase enzyme.

Free Glycerol Assay Kit (Colorimetric)

STA-398 100 assays
EUR 508
Description: Cell Biolabs? Free Glycerol Assay Kits measure free, endogenous glycerol by a coupled enzymatic reaction system.  The glycerol is phosphorylated and oxidized, producing hydrogen peroxide which reacts with the kit?s probe.

Caspase-3 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2008-200 200 assays
EUR 696

Caspase-3 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2008-25 25 assays
EUR 238

Caspase-3 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2008-400 400 assays
EUR 1086

Caspase-1 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2011-200 200 assays
EUR 696

Caspase-1 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2011-25 25 assays
EUR 238

Caspase-1 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2011-400 400 assays
EUR 1086

Caspase-8 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2013-200 200 assays
EUR 696

Caspase-8 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2013-25 25 assays
EUR 238

Caspase-8 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2013-400 400 assays
EUR 1086

Caspase-6 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2015-200 200 assays
EUR 696

Caspase-6 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2015-25 25 assays
EUR 238

Caspase-6 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2015-400 400 assays
EUR 1101

Caspase-2 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2017-200 200 assays
EUR 725

Caspase-2 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2017-25 25 assays
EUR 251

Caspase-2 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2017-400 400 assays
EUR 1156

Caspase-9 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2019-200 200 assays
EUR 696

Caspase-9 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2019-25 25 assays
EUR 251

Caspase-9 Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2019-400 400 assays
EUR 1156

LDH-Cytotoxicity Colorimetric Assay Kit

K2025-400 400 assays
EUR 390

Among kids, 53.8% had pulmonary infections or indicators/signs, 23.1% systemic fungal infections and 23.1% different, miscellaneous fungal infections. 52.5% of grownup sufferers with pulmonary infections/signs fulfilled diagnostic standards for power pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Culture or polymerase chain response (PCR) demonstrated fungal pathogens in 81.8% of sufferers, mostly Aspergillus. A multidisciplinary mycology assembly might be a helpful addition to the take care of sufferers with (I)FDs and can probably support in figuring out healthcare and analysis wants concerning the sphere of fungal infections. The majority of sufferers mentioned on the multidisciplinary conferences suffered from pulmonary infections, predominantly CPA.

Progression of symptoms caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea on apple branches

Progression of symptoms caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea on apple branches

Until lately, the causal agent of Botryosphaeria canker was assumed to vary from that inflicting ring rot on fruit and warts on branches on apple bushes in China and East Asia. However, latest analysis documented that Botryosphaeria dothidea caused each illness symptoms on apple. Inoculations with strains remoted from cankers and warts on branches have been carried out to research symptom development caused by B. dothidea and circumstances inducing the 2 symptom sorts. The outcomes confirmed that each cankers and warts are caused by B. dothidea.

Warts are the outcomes of hyperplasia and suberization of bark tissues induced by fungal an infection, whereas cankers end result from the speedy progress of hyphae from inside warts, lenticels or wounds. Resistance to B. dothidea exists in dwelling apple branches. When a dwelling department is contaminated by way of lenticels, the pathogen induces proliferation and suberization of cortical cells that restricts the expansion and enlargement of the hyphae, resulting in wart symptom. However, below sure stress circumstances resembling drought, the hyphae inside host tissues broaden quickly and kill cortical cells, resulting in canker improvement.

Host resistance might get well throughout energetic progress durations, which suppresses and even stops speedy enlargement of the hyphae, resulting in the intermediate symptom of canker warts. Abiotic elements, resembling drought or excessive temperature in early spring, can lead to speedy extension of colonized hyphae in branches and conversion of warts to cankers. Preventing this transition will be an essential measure in managing Botryosphaeria canker on apple.

Predictive Modeling of Brown Rust of Sugarcane Based on Temperature and Relative Humidity in Florida

Logistic regression fashions have been developed from 5 years (2014-2018) of illness severity and climate information in an try and predict brown rust of sugarcane on the Everglades Research and Education Center (EREC) in Belle Glade, Florida. Disease severity (proportion space of the highest seen dewlap leaf lined by rust) was visually assessed within the subject each two weeks for 2 varieties inclined to brown rust.

Two hundred fifty variables have been derived from climate information for 10 to 40-day durations earlier than every brown rust evaluation day. A subset of these variables have been then evaluated as potential predictors of severity of brown rust primarily based on their particular person correlation and/or their organic meaningfulness. The prediction accuracy of these fashions ranged from 73-85%. Single variable mannequin BR2 (primarily based on AHTR) labeled 89% of the epidemic and 81% of the non-epidemic standing of the illness.

Analyses of correlation and stepwise logistic regression allowed us to determine afternoon humid thermal ratio (AHTR), temperature-based period variables, and their interplay phrases as essentially the most vital variables related to brown rust epidemics of sugarcane in Florida. The 9 finest predictive fashions have been recognized primarily based on mannequin accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and estimates of the prediction error. Greater than 83% of the epidemics and 81% of the non-epidemic standing of sugarcane brown rust was accurately labeled utilizing a number of variable fashions. These fashions can doubtlessly be used as elements of a rust illness warning system to help within the administration of brown rust epidemics of sugarcane in south Florida.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 causes direct injury to the airway epithelium, enabling aspergillus invasion. Reports of COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis have raised considerations about it worsening the illness course of COVID-19 and growing mortality. Additionally, the primary instances of COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis caused by azole-resistant aspergillus have been reported.

This article constitutes a consensus assertion on defining and managing COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis, ready by consultants and endorsed by medical mycology societies. COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis is proposed to be outlined as doable, possible, or confirmed on the premise of pattern validity and thus diagnostic certainty. Recommended first-line remedy is both voriconazole or isavuconazole. If azole resistance is a priority, then liposomal amphotericin B is the drug of alternative. Our intention is to supply definitions for medical analysis and up-to-date suggestions for medical administration of the prognosis and therapy of COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis.

Progression of symptoms caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea on apple branches

From Hashtag to High School: How Viral Tweets Are Inspiring Young Scientists To Embrace STEM

Social media is an more and more essential skilled software for scientists. In explicit, scientists use their social media profiles to speak science and construct communities with like-minded scientists and nonscientists. These networks embrace journalists who can amplify social media science communication, disseminating it to new audiences on- and offline. Our expertise with an outreach challenge the place Peeps marshmallows have been inoculated with various fungi, which we referred to as #FungalPeeps, has demonstrated that these networks will be an efficient conduit between analysisers and highschool college students.

Dual Luciferase Reporter Assay Kit

DL101-01 100 rxn
EUR 258

Single-Luciferase (Renilla) Reporter Assay Kit

20-abx298011
  • EUR 457.00
  • EUR 269.00
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

SuperLight Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit

SLLU-01K 1000
EUR 502
Description: Bright bioluminescent reagent system allows rapid quantitation of luciferase reporter gene expression in transfected cells within 2 min. Kit size: 1000 tests. Shelf life: 12 months. Shipping: ambient temp; storage: 4, -20°C.

SuperLight Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit

SLLU-200 200
EUR 200
Description: Bright bioluminescent reagent system allows rapid quantitation of luciferase reporter gene expression in transfected cells within 2 min. Kit size: 200 tests. Shelf life: 12 months. Shipping: ambient temp; storage: 4, -20°C.

SuperLight Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit

SLLU-500 500
EUR 318
Description: Bright bioluminescent reagent system allows rapid quantitation of luciferase reporter gene expression in transfected cells within 2 min. Kit size: 500 tests. Shelf life: 12 months. Shipping: ambient temp; storage: 4, -20°C.

SuperLight Dual Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit

SLDL-100 100
EUR 200
Description: Bioluminescent reagent system allows rapid quantitation of firelfy and Ranilla luciferase reporter gene expression in transfected cells within 10 min. Kit size: 100 tests. Shelf life: 12 months. Shipping: ambient temp; storage: -20°C.

Amplite™ Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12518 1 plate
EUR 176

Amplite™ Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12519 10 plates
EUR 393

Amplite™ Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12520 100 plates
EUR 2616

Amplite™ Gaussia Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12530 1 plate
EUR 219

Amplite™ Gaussia Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12531 10 Plates
EUR 702

Amplite™ Gaussia Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12532 100 plates
EUR 3486

Amplite™ Renilla Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12535 1 plate
EUR 219

Amplite™ Renilla Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12536 10 plates
EUR 876

Amplite™ Renilla Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay Kit *Bright Glow*

12537 100 plates
EUR 3486

AAVS1 Safe Harbor Targeting Vector 2.0 - Reporter Knock-in Donor (AAVS1-SA-puro-MCS-GFP), Complete Kit with CAS601A-1 (Cas9 SmartNuclease AAVS1-gRNA Targeting Vector) and GE640PR-1 (Junction PCR Primer Mix to confirm AAVS1 integration site)

GE624A-KIT 1 kit
EUR 2132

Notch-1 ELISA Kit| Mouse Neurogenic locus notch homolog protein

EF014010 96 Tests
EUR 689

Frit Kit

FRIT-KIT 1each
EUR 124
Description: Kit to create frits in capillaries. Includes formamide, Kasil-1, Kasil-1624 and a cleaving tool.

Column Packing Kit

PACK-KIT 1pack
EUR 1035
Description: Column packing kit for pressure cells. Includes: HPREG regulator, TBNG10 tubing, CAP-75 capillary, and STRB5X2 stir bar.

2C::tdTomato Reporter

PVT10473 2 ug
EUR 266

pMIR- Reporter Plasmid

PVT1324 2 ug
EUR 266

Notch-1 (human) ELISA Kit

K4763-100 100 assays
EUR 809
Description: Sensitive, Colorimetric Assay

PCR Mycoplasma Detection Kit

M034-Kit Kit
EUR 266

Mouse Notch-1(Neurogenic locus notch homolog protein 1) ELISA Kit

EM1527 96T
EUR 524.1
Description: Method of detection: Double Antibody, Sandwich ELISA;Reacts with: Mus ;Sensitivity: 4.688pg/ml

Notch 1 Antibody

abx139789-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 356

Notch 1 Antibody

48766-100ul 100ul
EUR 333

Notch 1 Antibody

48766-50ul 50ul
EUR 239

Notch 1 antibody

10R-6539 50 ug
EUR 192
Description: Mouse monoclonal Notch 1 antibody

Notch 1 antibody

20R-1749 100 ug
EUR 673
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Notch 1 antibody

Notch 1 antibody

70R-31090 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Notch 1 antibody

Notch 2 antibody

70R-31091 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Notch 2 antibody

Notch 1 antibody

70R-12158 100 ug
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Notch 1 antibody

pGreenFire1-Notch (plasmid)

TR020PA-1 10 ug
EUR 786

pGreenFire1-Notch (virus)

TR020VA-1 >2 x 10^6 IFUs
EUR 786

Notch 1 Antibody

3881-100
EUR 316

Notch 1 Antibody

3881-30T
EUR 146

anti-Notch 2

YF-PA24259 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to Notch 2

Cas9 Protein and T7 gRNA SmartNuclease Synthesis Kit

CAS400A-KIT 1 kit (10 rxn)
EUR 1110

Lactose Assay Kit

MET-5001 100 assays
EUR 432
Description: The Lactose Assay Kit measures total lactose in milk based food products or biological samples such as blood or urine. Lactose is cleaved into glucose and galactose. Glucose is then oxidized, yielding hydrogen peroxide and D-gluconic acid. The hydrogen peroxide is detected by a fluorometric probe.

Bilirubin Assay Kit

MET-5010 200 assays
EUR 479
Description: Bilirubin, a byproduct of heme breakdown, can exist conjugated to glucuronic acid (direct) and as unconjugated (indirect). The unconjugated form is found in the blood bound to albumin and is transported to the liver. Bilirubin becomes conjugated to glucuronic acid in the liver, making it more soluble and allowing for excretion into bile. High levels of bilirubin have been correlated with jaundice and Gilbert?s syndrome while low levels have been associated with cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.

Pyruvate Assay Kit

MET-5029 100 assays
EUR 479
Description: Our Pyruvate Assay Kit measures pyruvate in biological samples. First, pyruvate is oxidized by pyruvate oxidase, producing hydrogen peroxide. The hydrogen peroxide is then detected at ex. 530-570 nm/em. 590-600 nm using a specific fluorometric probe. Pyruvate levels in unknown samples are determined based on the provided pyruvate standard curve.

Glycine Assay Kit

MET-5070 100 assays
EUR 450

Taurine Assay Kit

MET-5071 200 assays
EUR 508

Sarcosine Assay Kit

MET-5072 100 assays
EUR 450

Tyrosine Assay Kit

MET-5073 100 assays
EUR 450

Phospholipid Assay Kit

MET-5085 96 assays
EUR 456

Ammonia Assay Kit

MET-5086 100 assays
EUR 456

Adenosine Assay Kit

MET-5090 100 assays
EUR 508

Inosine Assay Kit

MET-5092 100 assays
EUR 508

Alanine Assay Kit

MET-5093 200 assays
EUR 508

Urea Assay Kit

STA-382 192 assays
EUR 635
Description: Cell Biolabs? Urea Assay Kit is based on the Berthelot reaction.  Urea is first degraded into ammonia and carbon dioxide, which further reacts with an alkaline developer to produce a blue-green colored product that can be measured with a standard spectrophotometric plate reader at an optical density between 580-630 nm.  Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 192 assays, including blanks, urea standards and unknown samples.

Phosphatidylcholine Assay Kit

STA-600 96 assays
EUR 519
Description: Cell Biolabs? Phosphatidylcholine Assay Kit measures the phosphatidylcholine present within serum, plasma, or tissue samples.Samples are compared to a known concentration of phosphatidylcholine standard within the 96-well microtiter plate format.  Samples and standards are incubated for 60 minutes and then read with a standard 96-well fluorometric plate reader.

Sphingomyelin Assay Kit

STA-601 96 assays
EUR 519
Description: Cell Biolabs? Sphingomyelin Assay Kit is a simple fluorometric assay that measures the amount of sphingomyelin present in plasma or serum, tissue homogenates, or cell suspensionsin a 96-well microtiter plate format.  Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 96 assays, including blanks, sphingomyelin standards and unknown samples.  Sample sphingomyelin concentrations are determined by comparison with a known sphingomyelin standard. 

Glutamate Assay Kit

STA-674 200 assays
EUR 514
Description: Glutamate is a non-essential amino acid that serves as an important neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain and has a key role in cellular metabolism. Excess glutamate levels in the brain can cause cell injury and death, leading to neurological diseases. Our Glutamate Assay Kit is a quantitative, fluorometric assay that uses glutamate specific enzymes to generate hydrogen peroxide. An ADHP probe is oxidized by hydrogen peroxide to generate fluorescent Resorufin, which correlates to the level of glutamate in the sample. Glutamate levels in an unknown sample are calculated based on a glutamate standard curve.

Hydroxyproline Assay Kit

STA-675 96 assays
EUR 514
Description: The Hydroxyproline Assay Kit is a quantitative colorimetric assay for measuring the hydroxyproline concentration in protein samples, including collagen where it is found almost exclusively.

Histamine Assay Kit

AKR-360 96 assays
EUR 519
Description: Histamine is naturally occurring in food, with high concentrations associated with spoiled and fermented foods. Exposure to high levels of histamine through the ingestion of food can cause symptoms similar to an allergic response. Our Histamine Assay Kit detects total histamine from food samples using a colorimetric probe. Reduction of the probe yields color development proportional the histamine levels in the sample. Absorbance at 450nm is read after a one hour incubation at 37C and histamine levels are calculated based on a histamine standard curve.

Glucose Assay Kit

abx090673-1Kit 1 Kit
EUR 237

ADA Assay Kit

abx090675-100tests 100 tests
EUR 237

Glutamate Assay Kit

abx096004-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 441

Glutathione Assay Kit

abx096005-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 378

Trehalase Assay Kit

abx096014-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 551

Pyruvate Assay Kit

abx097982-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 472

NADPase Assay Kit

abx097983-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 504

Starch Assay Kit

abx097988-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 441

Trehalose Assay Kit

abx097995-100Assays 100 Assays
EUR 472

ADA Assay Kit

abx098403-Hitachi7060R190ml2R290ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 90ml×2 R2: 90ml×1
EUR 739

ADA Assay Kit

abx098403-Hitachi7170R140ml4R220ml4 Hitachi 7170; R1: 40ml×4 R2: 20ml×4
EUR 801

ADA Assay Kit

abx098403-Hitachi7170R160ml4R260ml2 Hitachi 7170; R1: 60ml×4 R2: 60ml×2
EUR 911

ADA Assay Kit

abx098403-Toshiba40R150ml4R250ml2 Toshiba 40; R1: 50ml×4 R2: 50ml×2
EUR 786

Calcium Assay Kit

abx098414-Hitachi7020R140ml2R240ml2 Hitachi 7020; R1: 40ml×2 R2: 40ml×2
EUR 206

Calcium Assay Kit

abx098414-Hitachi7060R190ml1R290ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 90ml×1 R2: 90ml×1
EUR 206

Calcium Assay Kit

abx098414-Toshiba40R140ml2R240ml2 Toshiba 40; R1: 40ml×2 R2: 40ml×2
EUR 206

Calcium Assay Kit

abx098414-UniversalR140ml2R240ml2 Universal; R1: 40ml×2 R2: 40ml×2
EUR 206

Cholinesterase Assay Kit

abx098416-Hitachi7170R120ml1R25ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1: 20ml×1 R2: 5ml×1
EUR 300

Cholinesterase Assay Kit

abx098416-Hitachi7170R140ml3R230ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1: 40ml×3 R2: 30ml×1
EUR 316

Cholinesterase Assay Kit

abx098416-Hitachi7170R160ml2R230ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1: 60ml×2 R2: 30ml×1
EUR 316

Cholinesterase Assay Kit

abx098416-Toshiba40R140ml4R240ml1 Toshiba 40; R1: 40ml×4 R2: 40ml×1
EUR 331

Cholinesterase Assay Kit

abx098416-UniversalR160ml2R215ml2 Universal; R1: 60ml×2 R2: 15ml×2
EUR 316

Creatinine Assay Kit

abx098422-Hitachi7020R150ml3R250ml1 Hitachi 7020; R1: 50ml×3 R2: 50ml×1
EUR 519

Creatinine Assay Kit

abx098422-Hitachi7060R190ml2R260ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 90ml×2 R2: 60ml×1
EUR 472

Creatinine Assay Kit

abx098422-Toshiba120R140ml3R240ml1 Toshiba 120; R1: 40ml×3 R2: 40ml×1
EUR 566

Creatinine Assay Kit

abx098422-Toshiba120R150ml3R250ml1 Toshiba 120; R1: 50ml×3 R2: 50ml×1
EUR 519

Creatinine Assay Kit

abx098422-Toshiba40R150ml3R250ml1 Toshiba 40; R1: 50ml×3 R2: 50ml×1
EUR 519

Fructosamine Assay Kit

abx098427-Hitachi7020R140ml2R220ml1 Hitachi 7020; R1: 40ml×2 R2: 20ml×1
EUR 253

Fructosamine Assay Kit

abx098427-Hitachi7060R190ml2R245ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 90ml×2 R2: 45ml×1
EUR 253

Fructosamine Assay Kit

abx098427-Hitachi7170R120ml1R25ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1: 20ml×1 R2: 5ml×1
EUR 206

Fructosamine Assay Kit

abx098427-Hitachi7170R140ml12R240ml3 Hitachi 7170; R1: 40ml×12 R2: 40ml×3
EUR 222

Fructosamine Assay Kit

abx098427-Hitachi7170R140ml2R220ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1: 40ml×2 R2: 20ml×1
EUR 253

Glucose Assay Kit

abx098429-Hitachi7020R140ml4R240ml1 Hitachi 7020; R1: 40ml×4 R2: 40ml×1
EUR 222

Glucose Assay Kit

abx098429-Hitachi7060R190ml2R245ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 90ml×2 R2: 45ml×1
EUR 222

Glucose Assay Kit

abx098429-Hitachi7170R132ml4R28ml4 Hitachi 7170; R1: 32ml×4 R2: 8ml×4
EUR 222

Haptoglobin Assay Kit

abx098432-BeckmanR140ml1R210ml1 Beckman; R1: 40ml×1 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 347

Haptoglobin Assay Kit

abx098432-Hitachi7020R140ml1R210ml1 Hitachi 7020; R1: 40ml×1 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 347

Haptoglobin Assay Kit

abx098432-Hitachi7170R120ml1R25ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1: 20ml×1 R2: 5ml×1
EUR 269

Haptoglobin Assay Kit

abx098432-Toshiba40R140ml1R210ml1 Toshiba 40; R1: 40ml×1 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 347

Homocysteine Assay Kit

abx098434-Hitachi7060R160ml1R210ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 60ml×1 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 1036

Homocysteine Assay Kit

abx098434-Hitachi7170R130ml2R210ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1: 30ml×2 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 1036

Homocysteine Assay Kit

abx098434-Toshiba40R130ml2R210ml1 Toshiba 40; R1: 30ml×2 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 1036

Homocysteine Assay Kit

abx098434-UniversalR130ml2R210ml1 Universal; R1: 30ml×2 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 1036

Iron Assay Kit

abx098439-Hitachi7020R140ml1R210ml1 Hitachi 7020; R1:40ml×1 R2:10ml×1
EUR 206

Iron Assay Kit

abx098439-Hitachi7170R140ml1R210ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1:40ml×1 R2:10ml×1
EUR 206

Iron Assay Kit

abx098439-Hitachi7170R160ml1R215ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1:60ml×1 R2:15ml×1
EUR 222

Iron Assay Kit

abx098439-Toshiba40R140ml1R210ml1 Toshiba 40; R1:40ml×1 R2:10ml×1
EUR 206

Lipase Assay Kit

abx098442-BeckmanR180ml1R220ml1 Beckman; R1:80ml×1 R2:20ml×1
EUR 692

Lipase Assay Kit

abx098442-Hitachi7170R140ml2R220ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1:40ml×2 R2:20ml×1
EUR 692

Lipase Assay Kit

abx098442-Hitachi7170R160ml1R215ml1 Hitachi 7170; R1:60ml×1 R2:15ml×1
EUR 566

Lipase Assay Kit

abx098442-Toshiba40R140ml1R210ml1 Toshiba 40; R1:40ml×1 R2:10ml×1
EUR 441

Lipase Assay Kit

abx098442-UniversalR120ml1R25ml1 Universal; R1:20ml×1 R2:5ml×1
EUR 316

Magnesium Assay Kit

abx098445-Hitachi7020R140ml2R240ml2 Hitachi 7020; R1: 40ml×2 R2: 40ml×2
EUR 206

Magnesium Assay Kit

abx098445-Hitachi7060R190ml1R290ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 90ml×1 R2: 90ml×1
EUR 206

Magnesium Assay Kit

abx098445-Toshiba40R140ml2R240ml2 Toshiba 40; R1: 40ml×2 R2: 40ml×2
EUR 206

Magnesium Assay Kit

abx098445-Toshiba40R150ml2R250ml2 Toshiba 40; R1: 50ml×2 R2: 50ml×2
EUR 206

Microalbumin Assay KIt

abx098446-Hitachi7060R150ml1R210ml1 Hitachi 7060; R1: 50ml×1 R2: 10ml×1
EUR 363

Following standard science journalism, #FungalPeeps, a challenge initiated at West Virginia University, impressed a mycology analysis challenge in Notre Dame High School in San Jose, California. Herein, we describe how this connection between academia, journalists, and the highschool classroom occurred, and the way everybody concerned benefited from this academic collaboration. We additional counsel ways in which fashionable social media networks could possibly be leveraged to include extra such sensible studying experiences into progressive science curricula to higher domesticate younger STEM scientists.